The prosecution argued that Chloe’s cause of death was Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS), and the manner of death was a homicide that resulted from a sexual assault. The prosecution’s case was built primarily on the testimony provided by Dr. Steven Hayne and the ER staff that was present on the night Chloe died. There is extensive new expert evidence that completely crumbles the case against Jeffrey Havard.
Based on this new compelling evidence, Jeffrey's defense team recently filed a motion for relief from judgment or for leave to file successive petition for post-conviction relief. There are currently 6 well qualified experts that support Jeffrey's claims. There are no experts that currently support the prosecution's theory.
The experts listed below have provided their services free of charge. This new expert evidence must not be ignored.
Dr. Michael Baden
Dr. Michael Baden is a physician and board-certified forensic pathologist. Dr. Baden is the former Chief Medical Examiner of New York City and is currently the chief forensic pathologist for the New York State Police. Dr. Baden is well respected worldwide for his work in this field.
At The Clarion-Ledger's request, Dr. Baden agreed to review the evidence in the Jeffrey Havard case. Dr. Baden's findings decisively refute the prosecution's case against Jeffrey. Jeffrey's conviction was secured on the basis that a sexual assault occurred which then led to murder. The cause of death was never determined in court but Dr. Steven Hayne listed the cause of death as consistent with shaken baby syndrome in his autopsy report.
Dr. Steven Hayne
On February 22, 2002, Dr. Steven Hayne performed an autopsy on Chloe’s body. Dr. Hayne concluded that his autopsy ﬁndings were “consistent with Shaken Baby Syndrome.” Dr. Hayne stated: “It would be consistent with a person violently shaking a small child. Not an incidental movement of a child, but violently shaking the child back and forth to produce the types of injuries that are described as shaken baby syndrome, which is a syndrome known for at least forty-ﬁve years now. . . .We’re talking about very violent shaking.” According to Dr. Hayne, at the time of Jeffrey’s trial, the child’s symptoms pointed clearly to SBS.
Dr. Hayne also provided testimony which worked to boost the prosecution’s claims of sexual assault. He testified that the child had a one-inch-long contusion on her rectum, which, he explained, was “consistent with penetration of the rectum with an object.” Hayne misspoke at trial with regard to the measurement of the contusion. His autopsy report lists that contusion as measuring one centimeter. It is important to note that the autopsy report made no mention of a sexual assault.
In April of 2009, Hayne provided a declaration stating that there was no sufficient evidence to conclude that a sexual assault had taken place. Hayne stated that the one centimeter contusion found in the infant's anus had numerous potential causes. Hayne concluded that there was absolutely no proof to suggest that Chloe's death was the result of any sexual act.
In June of 2013, an article was published in the Clarion Ledger newspaper regarding several cases, including Havard’s, involving the testimony of Dr. Steven Hayne. The article reads, in pertinent part: “At trial, [Hayne] testiﬁed the baby’s death was a homicide, consistent with shaken baby syndrome. But Hayne now disavows that conclusion, saying biochemical [sic] engineers believe shaking alone doesn’t produce enough force to kill.”
This was the ﬁrst indication that Dr. Hayne was possibly backing away from his trial testimony regarding Shaken Baby Syndrome. Following publication of the above article, Havarcl’s counsel met with Dr. Hayne in order to ask him about the article and his opinions regarding Shaken Baby Syndrome in this case.
Dr. Hayne executed an Afﬁdavit on July 22, 2013. Dr. Hayne reiterated that he formed no deﬁnitive evidence of sexual abuse based upon his ﬁndings in the Havard case. With respect to Shaken Baby Syndrome, Hayne stated: “At trial, I testiﬁed that the cause of death of Chloe Britt was consistent with Shaken Baby Syndrome. Recent advances in the ﬁeld of biomechanics demonstrate that shaking alone could not produce enough force to produce the injuries that caused the death of Chloe Britt. The current state of the art would classify those injuries as shaken baby syndrome with impact or blunt force trauma.” These statements were made with a reasonable degree of medical certainty.
Dr. James Lauridson
After Jeffrey's conviction, Mississippi’s post-conviction relief office obtained the services of former Alabama state medical examiner Dr. James Lauridson to review the autopsy findings of Dr. Steven Hayne. Dr. Lauridson concluded that the evidence failed to confirm that a sexual assault of any kind had taken place. There was no sign of any tears or lacerations in Chloe’s anus and it is not out of the ordinary for dilation to occur naturally. Lauridson noted that there was no trace of Havard’s DNA found on or inside Chloe. He also noted that a thermometer inserted into the Chloe’s anus at the emergency room could have caused the small bruise. Dr. Lauridson's report shreds the prosecution's case. You can read Dr. Lauridson's report below. You can view Dr. Lauridson's professional biography here.
Dr. George Nichols
Dr. George Nichols is a forensic pathologist with over twenty year's experience as Kentucky's Chief Medical Examiner, as well as being an instructor of pathology at the University of Louisville Medical School the past twenty-three years.
According to Dr. Nichols, Chloe Britt's death is entirely consistent with a short fall, and not an abusive shaking.
Dr. Janice Ophoven
Dr. Janice Ophoven is a pediatric forensic pathologist with over 30 years of clinical, administrative and quality improvement experience. Dr. Ophoven is trained in pediatrics and is board certified in pathology and forensic pathology. Dr. Ophoven's practice is focused on understanding child abuse and injury to children.
After reviewing Jeffrey Havard's case, Dr. Ophoven does not believe the evidence supports the charges that led to Jeffrey's conviction, and she highly recommends an "urgent" review of the case.
Dr. Ophoven concluded that there is no evidence to support a charge of sexual assault, stating: "There is no evidence to support a finding of sexual assault in this case. Instead, the misinterpretation of the anal findings by emergency room personnel who were unfamiliar with postmortem findings in infants precluded the possibility of a fair trial and led to a miscarriage of justice." She goes on to say: "There was no evidence to support a finding of shaking in this case; instead, the evidence is of impact. There may also have been contributing factors, including illness. A complete review of the autopsy slides and photographs is required in order to reach more definitive conclusions."
Dr. Ophoven stresses the need for a review, stating: "I am very concerned that this case represents a serious miscarriage of justice, particularly given the capital nature of the case, and an urgent remedy and review of the evidence is required. I would personally agree to participate in such an investigation on a pro bono basis until a proper analysis, including review of the autopsy slides and complete set of autopsy photographs, has been completed."
Dr. Chris Van Ee
Dr. Chris Van Ee holds a Ph.D. in Biomedical Engineering from Duke University and is a licensed Professional Engineer. Dr. Van Ee has specific expertise in the analysis and risk assessment of head injury in the infant and adult populations.
Dr. Chris Van Ee's affidavit focusses on whether the accident described by Jeffrey Havard is biomechanically consistent with the head injuries described at autopsy.
Dr. Van Ee concludes that a short fall should not be dismissed as a cause of the injuries detailed in the autopsy. He writes: "Based on the current data on short distance falls and head injury mechanics and the information provided to me for this case, it would be biomechanically incorrect to dismiss the history of fall as a causal factor resulting in the findings described at autopsy. Shaking is a less likely explanation for these findings."